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systematic literature review template

Aug 15,  · A systematic literature review (SLR) identifies, selects and critically appraises research in order to answer a clearly formulated question (Dewey, A. & Drahota, A. ). The systematic review should follow a clearly defined protocol or plan where the Author: Karen MacKney. Writing a Systematic Literature Review: Resources for Students and Trainees This resource provides basic guidance and links to resources that will help when planning a systematic review of the literature. It does not replace guidance from your research project supervisors and . Aug 01,  · Systematic literature review according to PRISMA guidelines. Templates published after 1 January and up to 19 March Non-English language literature, except Scandinavian; literature without an available abstract; and literature reporting only psychological aspects were excluded. The Cited by:

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To identify and describe the content of templates for reporting prehospital major incident medical management. Grey literature was also searched. Templates published after 1 January and up to 19 March Non-English language literature, except Scandinavian; literature without an available abstract; and literature reporting only psychological aspects were excluded, systematic literature review template. The main database search identified articles, among which were excluded based on title and abstract.

An additional 96 were excluded based on the full-text. The remaining 12 articles were included in the analysis, systematic literature review template. A total of articles were identified in the grey literature and excluded. The reference lists for the included articles identified five additional articles. A relevant article published after completing the search was also included. In the 18 articles included in the study, systematic literature review template, 10 different templates or sets systematic literature review template data are described: 2 methodologies for assessing major incident responses, 3 templates intended for reporting from exercises, 2 guidelines for reporting in medical journals, 2 analyses of previous disasters and 1 Utstein-style template.

More than one template exists for generating reports. The limitations of the existing templates involve internal and external validity, and none of them have been tested for feasibility in real-life incidents. Identify templates that enable systematic and uniform reporting of prehospital systematic literature review template incident medical management. Appraise the data fields in the included templates regarding internal and external validity.

Templates for reporting major incident medical management exist in different formats, but none have been tested for feasibility. A template for generating reports from the prehospital phase with clearly defined data variables enabling comparative analysis is needed.

A systematic review following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. The protocol was published and deviations from protocol are revealed in the study report. Major incidents, such as natural disasters, accidents and terrorist attacks, affect millions of lives each year. The natural disasters in caused the highest economic damage ever recorded; Asia was the continent most often hit, systematic literature review template, followed by the Americas, Africa, Europe and Oceania.

This regional distribution of disaster resembles the profile observed from to Over the last decade, China, the USA, the Philippines, India and Indonesia were the five countries most frequently hit by natural disasters, systematic literature review template.

Qualitative research methods have also been used to identify areas within prehospital critical care and major incident management that require further research. This systematic review was designed to identify and describe the content of systematic literature review template for reporting prehospital major incident medical management. The questions being asked in this systematic review were: which data are reported in the existing templates data extractionand are the templates internally and externally valid with regard to the methodology with which they were developed and the data they are reporting quality appraisal?

The need for a template for uniform reporting was assessed based on the findings. To the best of our knowledge, no similar studies have been performed or registered in the Cochrane or Prospero databases. A systematic literature search was performed to identify templates published after 1 January and up to 19 March The search systematic literature review template performed between 24 February and 19 March A systematic search of the grey literature was performed 25—29 June In the main database search, three sets of entry terms were applied and combined figure 1.

The first set of entry terms describes major incidents. The second set of entry terms describes templates. In addition to the MeSH terms in the first two sets, a third set of entry terms with free search phrases was included. For the grey literature search, only two sets of entry terms were combined. Search strategy. The two first sets of entry terms consisted of 15 terms each, and the third set of eight free search phrases.

Combining these three sets resulted in individual searches in each database. Templates published after 1 January inclusive and until the date of the literature search. Combining the three sets of entry terms resulted in individual searches in each database. If any of these individual searches returned more than results, the search was performed again with a fourth entry term disaster prevention using the Boolean operator AND figure 1.

Searches in Scopus were further limited to article title, abstract and keywords. The grey literature databases revealed a broad range of quality and searchability. Only the document title was available on the web page, making it difficult to determine which documents to order.

Deviations in the search strategy were necessary in order to make the systematic literature review feasible, as a larger number of findings might have made completion of the study impossible. The search was performed according to the deviations described above. After removing duplicates, the number of results was systematic literature review template The grey literature search returned results figure 2, systematic literature review template.

A total of 18 articles were included for data extraction and quality appraisal. One author scanned the titles and abstracts of the identified literature. Literature not complying with the inclusion criteria was excluded. The full text was obtained for uncertain articles, and inclusion was subject to consensus among three of the authors. From each template, 34 data items were extracted according to a predefined set of questions described in the study protocol 19 figure 3. These data were classified into four categories: demographics, incident characteristics, system characteristics and descriptors of patient characteristics.

After data extraction, quality appraisal was conducted using a checklist 22 designed by the authors prior to data collection 19 figure 4. One author performed data extraction and quality appraisal; the results were checked by a second author. The contact authors of articles that provided an email address were asked whether the template had been used in real-life incidents. The reference lists of the included literature were scanned and relevant literature included, systematic literature review template.

A quantitative synthesis meta-analysis was not performed. Data extraction from the included literature. Quality appraisal of the included literature. The study protocol proposed to appraise whether the medical outcomes predicted by the templates were valid and to evaluate the outcome of using the templates.

Both of these questions proved difficult to answer and were removed from the appraisal. A total of 12 articles were included from the main database search, 23—34 five articles were identified from the literature lists of included articles, 35—39 and one relevant article was published after the literature search was completed 12 figure 2.

The total of 18 articles included 10 different templates or guidelines for reporting figure 5. The results of data extraction are shown in figure 3. In addition, under each of the four categories pre-event information, incident information, system characteristics, patient characteristicsother information that was not extracted by the predefined questions was registered. Six of the 10 templates contained other pre-event information, such as climate, systematic literature review template, child mortality rate and descriptions of hazards.

Seven of the 10 templates contained other incident information, such as a description of the incident. All templates included more system characteristics than what we extracted, including on-site medical care, distribution of casualties, independent action by medical disaster response personnel, continuation of day-to-day care, decision flow and information management.

Seven templates contained other descriptors of patient characteristics, such as different triage systems used, description of psychological reactions and morbidity using hospital data. The appraisal using a predefined checklist is shown in figure 4. The first five questions regarding internal validity indicated that two of the templates contained none of the data we were looking for, four templates contained one of the data items we found relevant and the remaining four templates included three or more data items included in our list of desirable information.

The 11 items regarding external validity were also heterogeneous in regard to which and how many of the items each template contained, systematic literature review template. We succeeded in contacting the authors of seven templates. According to the authors, systematic literature review template, five of these templates 24—30 31 33—35 37 39 were used in other publications and one 12 is currently being used to retrospectively evaluate disaster management.

One has not been used in other publications. Guidelines for reporting health crises and critical health events 37 have been used to report international disasters, but these publications were not available as official publications at the time of correspondence with the authors.

The protocol for reports of major accidents and disasters 33 was published previously systematic literature review template the International Journal of Disaster Medicine 40 41 and used for a report in this journal.

Data on medical management during a mass casualty incident exercise 31 are normally used to assess the healthcare system in a mass casualty incident simulation and exercise. An systematic literature review template registry for the healthcare system is designed using this instrument.

Performance indicators for major incident medical management 34 39 have also been systematic literature review template in additional publications, systematic literature review template. We identified 10 templates for reporting prehospital major incident medical management that were heterogeneous with regard to the data they reported.

The quality appraisal revealed that, for most of the templates, the methodology for developing them was not clearly explained. In addition, the data variables were not clearly defined for all templates, and the rationale for choosing the data variables was only explained for half of the templates, systematic literature review template.

Only three of the articles describe the handling of missing data and two depict whether an ethics committee approved the templates. All of these factors are important for internal validity, but the results were also heterogeneous for external validity.

We chose to interpret that the templates were developed in the regions affiliated with the authors, though this was not specified. Only two templates stated in which region they were intended to be used, systematic literature review template. None of the articles discussed the clinical credibility of the template, and no feasibility studies have been performed.

In all cases, the use of the template as a tool for evaluation was mentioned. Data variables for reporting should be uniformly defined in order to improve systematic literature review template and allow analysis of data; this is the ideological basis for several previous projects to standardise data for scientific use.

For a template to be used, it needs to be systematic literature review template clinically credible and feasible. Ideally, if a template is to be used in a specific region, it ought to be developed together with experts from that region; systematic literature review template this is not possible, feasibility studies regarding regional differences could be performed.

Reporting should be done by representatives with in-depth local knowledge and directly involved in responding to or managing the major incident. The ultimate goal of reporting is that an evaluation of the response be undertaken to identify areas for improvement, enabling those responsible in similar settings to improve their preparedness.

For this kind of evaluation to occur, comparable, standardised reports that allow for research need to be published. Thus far, reporting on the scale needed for comparisons has not been achieved.


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systematic literature review template


The pre-structured introduction of the literature review would be your able guide here. If you are looking for a guide on structuring a standard literature review, this Best outline template would be useful with its detailed discussion on what to include and how to arrange a proper literature review. If you need to understand the significance. However, the significance of literature review is either taken for granted or foggily understood. This is the reason, many literature reviews are mistily focused. You can also see outline example templates. How to write a Literature Review? Just like any other document, a literature review consists of an introduction, body, and the conclusion. The flow diagram depicts the flow of information through the different phases of a systematic review. It maps out the number of records identified, included and excluded, and the reasons for exclusions. PRISMA flow diagram (PDF) PRISMA flow diagram (Word) For more information about citing and using PRISMA click here.